Epilepsy surgery in children with refractory epilepsy | 24329
Gynecology & Obstetrics

Gynecology & Obstetrics
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0932

Epilepsy surgery in children with refractory epilepsy

2nd International Conference on Pediatrics & Gynecology-2012

September 24-26, 2012 Marriott Hotel & Convention Centre, Hyderabad, India

Manas Panigrahi

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Pediatr Therapeut

Abstract :

Approximately 60% of all patients with epilepsy suffer from focal epilepsy syndromes. In about 15% of these patients the seizures are not adequately controlled with anticonvulsive drugs and such patients are potential candidates for surgical treatment and major proportion is in the paediatric group (18 years old or less). Epilepsy surgery in children who have been carefully chosen can result in either seizure freedom or a marked (>90%) reduction in seizures in approximately two thirds of children with intractable seizures. Advances in structural and functional neuroimaging, neurosurgery, and neuroanaesthesia have improved the outcomes of surgery for children with intractable epilepsy. Early surgery improves the quality of life, cognitive and developmental outcome and allows the child to lead a normal life and contribute to the society. Surgically remediable epilepsies should be identified early and include temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis, lesional temporal, extra temporal epilepsies, hemispherical epilepsies and gelastic epilepsy with hypothalamic hamartoma. These syndromes have both acquired and congenital etiologies and can be treated by resective or disconnective surgery. Palliative procedures are performed in children with diffuse and multifocal epilepsies who are not candidates for resctive surgery. The palliative procedures include corpus callosotomy, vagal nerve stimulation while deep brain stimulation in epilepsy is still under evaluation. For children with with �surgically remedial epilepsy� surgery should be offered as a procedure of choice, rather than as a treatment of last resort.

Biography :

Manas Panigrahi did his M.Ch. from National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India. Currently working as Consultant Neurosurgeon at Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences and is a Member of Neurological Society of India and International member of Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Manas panigrahi has been awarded Andhra Pradesh Neuroscientist Gold Medal in 2005, APNSI Gold Medal for presenting a paper on ?Surgical Management of Anterior Circulation Aneurysms??, and has got Dr Capt. C. Venkaiah Memorial Oration medal in 2010. He has published many national and international papers on neurology to his credit.