Effects of bile acid sequestration on bile acid profile and bile acid signaling in mice
Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0495

+44 20 3868 9735

Effects of bile acid sequestration on bile acid profile and bile acid signaling in mice

4th Global Summit on Toxicology

August 24-26, 2015 Philadelphia, USA

Peizhen Janet Song

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Toxicol

Abstract :

Recently, the discovery of bile acid sequestrant (BAS) as a novel anti-diabetes medicationplaces renewed emphasis on the need for
more research on the mechanism by which BASs play their pharmacological roles. BASs are non-absorbable resins and function
by contraction of the bile acid (BA) pool in the body. Herein, we hypothesize that BASs exert their pharmacological function by
altering serumBA composition and BA signaling in the body. Mice were fed 2% Cholestyramine (resin) in their diets for one week.
The individual BA concentration and mRNAs of genes involved in BA signaling were quantified. As expected, the resin reduced total
BA concentration in the liver 80%. But surprisingly, the resin increased the concentrations of CA and T-CA in the serum, causing a
slightly increased total BA concentration in the serum. The mRNA of the BA-biosynthesis enzymes, Cyp7a1 and Cyp8b1, increased
180 and 100% respectively after resin feeding. However, the FXR-target gene SHP in the liver was not decreased. In contrast, the ileum
Fgf15 mRNA expression was significantly decreased. Feeding the resin did not alter the BA uptake transporters on the sinusoidal
membrane nor did it altered the efflux transporters on the canalicular membrane, whereas, the efflux transporters on the sinusoidal
membrane of hepatocytes, Mrp 3 and 4, were increased by the resin 22 and 150% respectively. In ileum, feeding the resin increased
the uptake transporter, Asbt, 66%. Collectively, the data suggest that increased expression of Cyp7a1 and Cyp8b1 in mouse liver by
resin administered through the diet appears to be due to a decrease in the ileum Fgf15 signaling, rather than a decrease in hepatic
FXR signaling. In addition, the increased concentration of CA in the serum may play a role in the hypoglycemic effects of the resin.

Biography :

Peizhen Janet Song received her PhD from the University of Kansas, School of Medicine and her Medical Doctor degree from Shanxi Medical University. As a principal in
QNS consulting, LLT, she has contributed to the success of numerous projects for her clients which include some global giants in the pharmaceutical world. Her expertise
lies in R&D and regulatory affairs in life science related fields.