Natalia Li Mei Liem, Lysia Gressida, Khoo Chin Meng, Sucan Suntanto and Eric Asher
Halden United Investments, Singapore
Krida Wacana Christian University Indonesia
National University Hospital, Singapore
Third Space Medicine, United Kingdom
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Cardiolog
World Health Organisation (WHO) reported that cardiovascular disease (CVDs) remains the number one cause of death globally, with an estimated 17.7 million people died from CVDs in 2015, representing 31% of all global deaths. Dyslipidemias are disorders of lipoproteins, that can be manifested by the elevation of serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations, and a decrease in the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration. Hydropinic therapy (drinking of mineral water), in particular water that is rich in natural bicarbonate, has shown to have an effect in reducing cholesterolaemic and lipaemic levels by increasing the lipoprotein metabolism. This study is a follow-up study to investigate the consumption of a mineral water that is rich in natural sodium bicarbonate (sodium 650 mg/L, bicarbonate 2195 mg/L)(ARDESY├»┬?┬?, France), and their effects in lipoprotein metabolism in moderately high cholesterol males subjects. Thirty-five males with elevated serum total cholesterol, drank 1 liter of sodium bicarbonate mineral water per day for 30 days. At one month post sodium bicarbonate water, there was significant reduction in levels of total cholesterol (p=0.001), LDL cholesterol (p=0.0002), total cholesterol/HDL (p=0.013) and LDL/HDL (p=0.001), but not in BMI, blood pressure, urine pH and serum sodium level. The limitation of this study was that it was not randomized In conclusion, regular consumption of rich bicarbonated water can significantly improve cholesterol and lipid profile in moderate risk cholesterol males though validation in a randomized control trials is required.