P. K. Igamberdieva
Accepted Abstracts: Biochem & Pharmacol
The method of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry investigated the chemical composition of the essential oil obtained of air-dry raw medicinal plant Artemisia scoparia L. growing in the mountain regions of the flora of the South Fergana. The main components of the essential oil are camphor (39%), eucolyptol (52%), benzene (4%), camphene (7%), which comprise of 99.98% of the mass of the mixture, and the remaining 22 peak minor components, the content is very small (in the amount of 0.02%). However, using the method of neutron activation analysis in the above-ground part of Artemisia scoparia L. was established quantitative content of 42 macro - and microelements. It is revealed that Artemisia scoparia L. accumulates in the course of their life considerable number of macro - and trace elements such as potassium - 42600 mcg/g, calcium - 38700 mcg/g, magnesium - 7640 mcg/g, chlorine - 7600 mcg/g, iron - 2970 mcg/g, sodium - 920 mcg/g, manganese - 89 mcg/g and zinc - 35 mcg/g . The fluctuation of the other macro-and microelements are insignificant. The content of heavy metals in the organs of Artemisia scoparia L. does not exceed maximum-permissible norms and may be recommended for medical use. The information above about the study of ethereal-oil-bearing plants of flora of the South Fergana testify to the perspectiveness of Artemisia scoparia L. as sources of new and effective medicines and biologically active additives.
Р. K. Igamberdieva is the head of the chair Biochemistry and Biophysics of the Ferghana branch of the Tashkent medical Academy, scientific direction. She has published more than 45 scientific articles in journals and collections of materials of the international conference.