Complications after radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillatio | 52094
Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9880

+44 1300 500008

Complications after radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation: Atrial-esophageal and pericardioesophageal fistulas

5th International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

April 27-29, 2015 Philadelphia, USA

Karlheinz Seidl

Keynote: J Clin Exp Cardiolog

Abstract :

Background: The initial experience with left atrial-esophageal fistula secondary to atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedures revealed a near universal mortality. A comprehensive description of the pathophysiology of atrial-esophageal fistula in the modern era and its resulting impact on morbidity and mortality is lacking in the literature. Objective: To describe two patients who developed an atrial-esophageal and apericardioesophageal fistula after radiofrequency ablation (RF) of AF. Both patients eventually expired.In more than 1.500 AF ablations proceduresperformed prior to these cases and, using the same ablation protocol, no fistulas had occurred. These cases highlight a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of an increasingly common procedure. Thus, awareness of this infrequent entity not only by cardiologists, neurologists, gastroenterologists and surgeons but also practitioners may offer the only significant potential fortreatment and survival, demanding an open multidisciplinary approach. Conclusion: Although rare, atrial-esophageal fistulas continue to remain an ominous and usually fatal complication of all AF ablation strategies. Symptoms of esophageal reflux, fever, difficulties in swallowing, shivering fits, general fatigue or neurological symptoms (seizures, stroke), and/or signs of sepsis in the first few weeks following any type of AF ablation should immediately raise suspicion about this catastrophic complication.

Biography :

Karlheinz Seidl has completed his PhD at the age of 27 years at the University of Heidelberg. He is a member of the teaching staff at the University of Heidelberg. His scientific interest is in cardiology especially cardiac arrhythmias. Since 2010 he is the Director of the department of cardiology at the teaching hospital of Ingolstadt. He has published more than 25 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute.