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Clinical separation of herbal drug effects in comparison to Valium by discriminant analysis of quantitative EEG data in humans (pharmaco-EEG)
Journal of Developing Drugs

Journal of Developing Drugs
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-6631

+44 20 3868 9735

Clinical separation of herbal drug effects in comparison to Valium by discriminant analysis of quantitative EEG data in humans (pharmaco-EEG)


Joint Event on 14th International Conference on Generic Drugs and Biosimilars & 9th Global Experts Meeting on Neuropharmacology

November 15-16, 2018 | Berlin, Germany

Wilfried Dimpfel

Justus Liebig University Giessen, Germany

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Dev Drugs

Abstract :

Statement of the Problem: Since many drugs act on the central nervous system by interference with neurochemical processes leading to changes of electric activity, measurement of the electric activity of the brain is a very promising approach to characterize the effectiveness of a neuro-active drug. The problem consists in the fact that quantitative analysis of the EEG (electroencephalogram) by Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT) provides 102 parameters (17 electrode positions times 6 frequency ranges) which might change accordingly in the presence of a drug. Thus, a comparison or classification of several drugs becomes difficult. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: EEG`s were recorded on 17 channels during relaxation with open eyes before and different times after intake of herbal drugs. Data from 13 clinical studies were uniformly re-analyzed with respect to drug-induced changes of spectral power in comparison to their corresponding placebo. In order to compare the obtained electrophysiological profiles with each other data were fed into a linear discriminant analysis. The results from the first three discriminant functions were projected into space (x-y-z coordinate). The result from the next three discriminant functions was processed according to so-called RGB-mode leading to different colours as six-dimensional projection. Findings: In control subjects a general increase of alpha spectral power was observed reflecting changes due to circadian rhythm. In the presence of Valium® in comparison to Calmvalera®, L-Theanine, Lasea®, Neurapas®. Neuravena®, Neurexan®, Nutrifin Relax® and Pascoflair® (calming drugs) or Sideritis extract, memoLoges®, Menosan®, Zembrin® and Zynamite® a different pattern of changes of spectral power at all electrode positions was seen. Discriminant analysis of these data allowed direct comparison, separation and classification of the herbal drug effects. Conclusion & Significance: The analysis of herbal drug effects obtained by quantitative EEG measurement should be supplemented by discriminant analysis to allow the classification and comparison of drugs with each other. Recent Publications: 1. Dimpfel W, Wedekind W, Dienel A (2015) Cerebral bioavailability of silexan- a quantitative EEG study in healthy volunteers. Open Journal of Psychiatry. 5(3):285-297. 2. Dimpfel W, Schombert L and Biller A (2016) Psychophysiological effects of sideritis and bacopa extract and three combinations thereof: a quantitative EEG study in subjects suffering from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Advances in Alzheimer??s Disease. 5(1):1-22. 3. Dimpfel W et al. (2017) Effect of Zembrin® on brain electrical activity in 60 older subjects after 6 weeks of daily intake: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 3-armed study in a parallel design. World Journal of Neuroscience. 7(1):140-171. 4. Dimpfel W et al. (2016) Psychophysiological effectiveness of calmvalera hevert tablets as measured by enkephalovision in anxious subjects during audio-visual cognitive and emotional challenges: a double-blind, randomized placebocontrolled, 2-armed, phase IV study in parallel design. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science. 6(10):404-431. 5. Dimpfel W et al. (2016) psychophysiological effects of a combination of sideritis and bacopa extract (memoLoges®) in 32 subjects suffering from mild cognitive impairment. a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 2-armed study with parallel design. Advances in Alzheimer??s Disease. 5(3):103-125

Biography :

Wilfried Dimpfel pursued his neurophysiological education during 1973-1974 as Max Kade stipend (New York) from the NIH Bethesda, USA. He an Honorary Professor at Justus Liebig University Giessen, Germany since 1983. He is a Pharmacologist by profession and together with Hans-Carlos Hofmann (Physicist and Mathematician), he developed quantitative EEG (electroencephalogram) software for research and practice. He is also the CEO at NeuroCode AG (a research institution), Wetzlar, Germany. He has published more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed journals.

E-mail: [email protected]

 

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