Characteristics of coronary artery disease in women: An experienc | 54706
Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9880

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Characteristics of coronary artery disease in women: An experience of Moroccan Hospital

14th International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

November 14-16, 2016 Orlando, Florida, USA

Najat Mouine

Mohamed V Military Hospital, Morocco

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Cardiolog

Abstract :

Introduction: The incidence of coronary artery disease is increasing due to lifestyle changes and the large number of risk factors including diabetes. The goal of this chapter is to study the particularities of coronary artery disease in Moroccan woman. Materials & Methods: The authors report a retrospective study concerning 58 women (group 1) compared to sample of 138 men (group 2) hospitalized for coronary artery disease, all of them had clinical examination, electrocardiogram, echocardiography and coronary angiography. Results: The average age of women was 60.19�?±9.5 years and 59.6�?±8.6 years for men. Smoking is frequent in men (75.3% versus 3.4%), hypertension, diabetes and metabolic syndrome are more common in women (respectively 65.5%, 62%, 34, 5% versus 42%, 43.5%, 12.3%). Clinically, the mode of presentation of coronary artery disease in women is stable angina of effort and/ or atypical chest pain (50%), acute coronary syndromes represent 32.7% (group 1) and 60.8% (group 2). Echocardiography showed wall motion abnormalities in 24.1% in group 1 and left ventricular systolic dysfunction in 12% versus 55% and 35.5% respectively in group 2. Angiographically, the single-vessel disease is common in women (36.2% versus 12.3%), normal coronary lesions or insignificant were found in 20.6% of group 1 versus 4.3% in group 2. Three vessel disease and distribution of coronary lesions are frequent in men (46.3% versus 18, 9%). All of our patients have received conventional medical treatment with correction of cardiovascular risk factors. Coronary angioplasty with stenting is widely practiced in group 1 (37.9% versus 10.1%). On a mean follow up of 3 months (1 and 24 months), we deplored two deaths in each group. The thrust of left heart failure were respectively 5.1%, 6.8% (group 1) versus 31.8%, 42% (group 2). Conclusion: Coronary artery disease in women is less common, and occurs with a lot of cardiovascular risk factors, integrating the metabolic syndrome. The clinical picture is very often a stable angina, a few diffused coronary lesions but prognosis is controversed.

Biography :