Association of body mass index, dietary behaviour and physical ac | 60530
Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9880

Association of body mass index, dietary behaviour and physical activity on bone health among young adults in Islamabad, Pakistan

World Congress on Cardiology

May 09, 2022 | Webinar

Sidra Ali Naqvi

Shifa International Hospital, Pakistan

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Exp Cardiology

Abstract :

Statement of the Problem: The purpose of this study was to find out the association of Body Mass Index, dietary behavior and Physical activity with Bone mineral status in young adults. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: It was a correlational cross-sectional study conducted in Islamabad with a sample size of 157 participants recruited through non-probability convenient sampling technique. Those who were independent in their ADLs were included while those having impaired cognition, obese (having BMI>35Kg/m2) or having any comorbidities were excluded. The physical activity was assessed using International Physical Activity Questionnaire while, EAT-26 was used for dietary behavior and Bone mineral status was calculated using calcaneal quantitative ultrasound.. Findings: The mean age of the participants was (21.22 ±1.80) in which 27 (17.20%) were males and 130 (82.80%) were females. According to the outcome measures, it was revealed that most of the participants had normal BMI (58.6%). normal eating behavior (77.7%), moderate activity level (53.5%) and were osteopenic (60.5%). The spearman’s correlation showed that there is a negative weak but significant relationship between BMI and BMD levels, r = -0.238 and p= 0.003. It also shows that there is a weak negative relationship between dietary behavior and BMD levels, r=-0.002 and p= 0.978. The physical activity level and BMD levels have positive weak relationship, r=+0.002 and p= 0.984. Conclusion & Significance: The result of this study suggested that alone physical activity and BMI cannot contribute to better bone health unless it is combined with balanced diet rich in calcium.

Biography :

Sidra Ali Naqvi is a gold medalist graduate of Doctor of Physical Therapy program of Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan. She got her clinical training from Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Also, she is a final semester student in Masters of Neuro-muscular Physical Therapy, Riphah International University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. She also plans to pursue her passion for research further as a PhD candidate in abroad. Currently, she is working as a research assistant at Pain Clinic, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.