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AS-6 suppresses lipopolysaccharide–induced neuroinflammation in BV2 microglial cells via inhibition of NF-κB and MAPK pathway
Journal of Developing Drugs

Journal of Developing Drugs
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-6631

+44 20 3868 9735

AS-6 suppresses lipopolysaccharide–induced neuroinflammation in BV2 microglial cells via inhibition of NF-κB and MAPK pathway


Joint Event on 8th International Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs and IPR & 8th International Conference and Exhibition on Pharma Audit, GMP, GCP & Quality Control

June 08-09, 2018 | Philadelphia, USA

Jun Young Park, Sun-Hyung Ha, Fukushi Abekura, Hak Seong Lim and Cheorl-Ho Kim

SungKyunKwan University, South Korea

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Develop Drugs

Abstract :

4-O-carboxymethylascochlorin (AS-6, MW 462.96) isolated from Ascochyta viciae has been known to promote cell cycle arrest and inhibit invasion of tumor cells. We have previously studied structurally similar compounds ascochlorin (ASC; MW 404.93) and ascofuranone (AF; MW 420.93) with regard to its anti-inflammatory activity. In this study, we have found that the production of nitric oxide (NO), a main regulator of inflammation, is suppressed by AS-6 on BV2 microglial cells, when induced by LPS. In addition, AS-6 attenuated the increase in cyclooxyenase-2 (COX-2) protein and mRNA levels in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated BV2 microglial cells in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, AS-6 inhibited the expression and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?±), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1?² (IL-1?²) in BV2 microglial cells. At the intracellular level, AS-6 inhibited LPS-induced nuclear translocation of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-?ºB) in BV2 microglial cells. Therefore, we investigated whether AS-6 affects mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation, a process known as the upstream signaling regulator. AS-6 dramatically reduced the expression level of the phosphorylated forms of ERK, JNK, and p38 in LPS-activated BV2 microglial cells. These results indicate that AS-6 is a promising suppressor of the vascular inflammatory responses and AS-6 suppresses the LPS-induced inflammatory response in BV2 microglial cells by suppression of NF?ºB and MAPKs signaling. Accordingly, AS-6 is suggested as a beneficial agent for the treatment of diseases that are associated with inflammation. [email protected]

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