Anti-VEGF alter cognitive functions and the CA1-CA3 hippocampal a | 16418
Chemotherapy: Open Access

Chemotherapy: Open Access
Open Access

ISSN: 2167-7700

+44 1223 790975

Anti-VEGF alter cognitive functions and the CA1-CA3 hippocampal activity in mice: The first reported “Chemofog” with a targeted cancer therapy

International Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

August 04-06, 2015 Valencia, Spain

Helene Castel

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Chemotherapy

Abstract :

Cancer patients treated with chemotherapy may show impaired cognition (Chemofog) long-term after the treatment completion. Recently, targeted therapies have been developed and have been also associated with the appearance of leukoencephalopathy and major asthenia in cancer patients. Our previous work has identified a direct link between chemotherapy and impaired long-term behavioral flexibility associated with a decreased proliferation within the hippocampus and no cognitive dysfunctions after the cancer treatment everolimus in mice. In this study, we evaluated the impact of the systemic administration of an anti-VEGF antibody on cognitive function, hippocampal vascularization, cerebral metabolic activity and hippocampal synaptic activity in mice as well as on proliferation of neural stem and endothelial cells in vitro. Antibodies against the mouse VEGF (B20-4.1.1, MTA Genentech) and human VEGF (bevacizumab, Genentech, MTA, Roche) were administered to adult C57/Bl6 mice (1.5 mg/kg) every 4 days for 24 days. Note that B20-4.1.1 treatment caused a slowing of weight gain. During/or after treatment, emotional reactivity, spontaneous activity, learning and spatial memory, behavioral flexibility and object recognition memory were assessed. The selective cognitive impairments observed in B20-treated mice (spatial learning in the Morris water maze and memory consolidation in the object recognition test), were predictive of hippocampal dysfunctions. In addition, we detected modifications of the cytochrome oxidase activity in CA1-CA3 hippocampal area and markers involved in long term potentiation. However, proliferation of neural hippocampal precursors (BrdU labeling) and vascular density (Collagen IV) in vivo as well as neurosphere growth and Bend.3 endothelial cell proliferation in vitro were unaltered. Together, these data indicate that the inhibition of endogenous systemic VEGF levels does not drastically change the plasticity of the hippocampal vascular niche, but selectively alters the spatial learning dependent on the long-term potentiation in the hippocampus.

Biography :

Helene Castel started to develop different variants of the electrophysiological technique at the University of Rouen in the laboratory of Dr. Vaudry (U413 Inserm) and biochemical approaches to give a comprehensive view of modulation of the GABAA receptor-channel function by interacting proteins. She received her PhD in Neurosciences, Molecular and Cell Biology at the Rouen University in 2000, and then spent 2 years on a Post-doctoral position in Pr Colquhoun�??s laboratory at University College of London, UK. There, she has developed fast-concentration-jump techniques to mimic electrical fast synaptic inputs on recombinant NMDA receptors and acquired expertise in molecular biology through mutagenesis of NMDA receptor subunits. In 2002, she obtained a permanent position as chargee de Recherche (CR) at the French National Institute of Health (Inserm) and University of Rouen. In 2010, she became group Leader �??Astrocyte and Vascular Niche�?� and since 2015, she is co-head of the international platform �??Cancer and Cognition�?� under the French North-West Canceropole. She develops projects based on vasoactive and chemokine G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in tumor brain, brain vascular physiopathology and on cognitive dysfunctions induced by cancer and targeted therapies.