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Acute myocardial infarction as first presentation of coronary hea | 50605
Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9880

+44 1300 500008

Acute myocardial infarction as first presentation of coronary heart disease in Saudi Arabia


3rd International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

April 15-17, 2013 Hilton Chicago/Northbrook, USA

Abdulaziz U Joury, Ahmed S Hersi and Noor F Alhassan

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Exp Cardiolog

Abstract :

Acute myocardial infarction AMI in the setting of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) carries an ominous prognosis.We sought to assess the incidence, in-hospital outcomes among patients who presented with AMI as first presentation of ACS.The Second Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE-2) is a multinational observational study of patients with ACS, which enrolled 3,059 patients.Of 3,059 patients with ACS, 22.2% were presented with MI as first presentation, the male gender accounts for the majority of the cases 680 (86.6%).Congestive heart failure (6.7% vs. 0.3%), valvular heart disease (1.4% vs. 0.1%), cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack (6.5% vs. 2.3%) and chronic renal failure (3.1% vs. 0.6%) were determined in both groups with superiority among patients with prior MI vs. no prior MI. Covariates such as smoking and certain chronic diseases (hypertension and hyperlipidemia) were also determined. In-hospital events and short and long-term prognosis was determined in both groups. Infarction or reinfection events were more among prior MI group (6.7% vs. 2.5%), recurrent Ischemia (27.1% vs. 15.7%) and congestive heart failure (20.2% vs. 11.8%). In-hospital mortality rate was significantly higher inpatients with prior MI (9.4% vs. 6.0%) compared to patients with no prior MI (all P<0.001). Comorbidities associated with the ACS were more common among patients with prior MI than patients with no prior MI. In-hospital events were determined in both groups with higher rate among patient with prior MI. Prior MI patients showed significantly higher in-hospital mortality compared to patients with no prior MI.

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