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Immunohistochemistry | Peer Reviewed Journals
Immunome Research

Immunome Research
Open Access

ISSN: 1745-7580

Immunohistochemistry

Immunohistochemistry is the most common application of immunostaining. It involves the process of selectively identifying antigens in cells of a tissue section by exploiting the principle of antibodies binding specifically to antigens in biological tissues. IHC takes its name from the roots "immuno" in reference to antibodies used in the procedure and histo meaning tissue. Albert Coons conceptualized and first implemented the procedure in 1941. Immunohistochemical staining is widely used in the diagnosis of abnormal cells such as those found in cancerous tumors. Specific molecular markers are characteristic of particular cellular events such as proliferation or cell death. Immunohistochemistry is also widely used in basic research to understand the distribution and localization of biomarkers and differentially expressed proteins in different parts of a biological tissue.

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