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Post-Industrial Dumps as a “Unique” Experiment for Ec
Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control
Open Access

ISSN: 2375-4397

+44 1223 790975

Editorial - (2017) Volume 5, Issue 1

Post-Industrial Dumps as a “Unique” Experiment for Ecologists

Skubała Piotr*
Department of Ecology, University of Silesia, Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland
*Corresponding Author: Skubała Piotr, Department of Ecology, University of Silesia, Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland, Tel: 48 32 359-11-48 Email:

Editorial

Post-industrial wastelands are still constantly increasing in area; some of them may be dangerous to human health. These facts provide the major stimulus for the reclamation and restoration of large devastated areas. The reclamation of dumps, especially of toxic dumps, is a challenge and is a severe problem of today. For this purpose, a knowledge and understanding of soil development – mainly induced by soil organisms – is an important prerequisite for any form of soil management on dumps [1]. From the viewpoint of reclamation, a practice very poorly developed at this time, knowledge of soil fauna development is required as an indicator for artificial cultivation techniques [2]. The restoration of disturbed ecosystems has recently received increasing attention from ecologists and land-use managers. This is due, in a large part, to more stringent government regulations, which mandate extensive reclamation procedures followed by biological monitoring efforts [3]. It seems obvious that dumps should at first be managed biologically. In this way the negative influence of dumps on the natural environment may be limited, and the beauty of the landscape can be improved. Nevertheless, vegetation cover on dumps may develop naturally. Hitherto, reclamation measures taken on dumps have appeared unsatisfactory in many cases despite the high expenditure of money and effort. Spontaneous succession of plants is more desirable [4,5], but unfortunately the spontaneous process of colonization and succession is a long-term process.

Much of the research on land restoration has been devoted to the reestablishment of vegetation and vertebrates. Soil fauna has been treated marginally in many restoration practices and studies, whereas we can obtain useful results for derelict land management, acquiring knowledge of all processes during succession on wastelands. Studies on recolonization of arthropods on wastelands are few [6-10], whereas arthropods can drastically influence revegetation efforts via herbivory, seed predation, litter decomposition, pollination, and soil aeration [11]. More empirical studies of these processes on different kinds of dumps are urgently needed to better understand the factors affecting soil fauna development in a post-industrial landscape [12].

The growing area of dumps is a real disaster for humankind, although from the viewpoint of soil ecology dumps are not “waste land”. They offer a tremendous experimental field in which to study the colonization by animals and the development of their communities in this hostile environment. A new habitat for many new inhabitants is created as a result of spoil heap construction. A dump is a “land” lacking plants and animals, initially with a complete absence of soil. Then for a long period the “soil” that is present lacks stratification, has insufficient organic matter, few nutrients and an inadequate water content. Additionally, what makes post-industrial dumps an excellent polygon on which to test ecological hypotheses is the simplified and variable relationships between living components. Furthermore, they are usually not under threat by prospectors. The variability of spoil heaps and the range of environmental conditions established on postindustrial dumps result in a heterogeneous environment for soil biota [13,14]. Furthermore, different reclamation technologies used on dumps also create varied conditions. So ecologists get an experiment with many differentiated environmental variables.

References

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  2. Dunger W, Wanner M, Hauser H, Hohberg K, Schulz HJ, et al. (2001) Development of soil fauna at mine sites during 46 years after afforestation. Pedobiologia 45: 243-271.
  3. Parmenter RR, MacMahon JA (1987) Early successional patterns of arthropod recolonization on reclaimed strip mines in Southwestern Wyoming: The Ground-dwelling Beetle Fauna (Coleoptera). Environ Entomol 16: 168-177.
  4. Skubala P (2006) Do we really need land reclamation on dumps? (Oribatid fauna case studies). in: Advances in Polish Acarology, Gabrys G, Ignatowicz S, Editors. Wyd. SGGW, Warszawa, 367-374.
  5. Weidemann G, Koehler H, Schriefer TH (1982) Recultivation: a problem of stabilization during ecosystem development, in: In: Urban Ecology, Bornkamm R, Lee JA, Seaward MRD. Blackwell Oxford, 305-313.
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  7. Neumann U (1971) Die Sukzession der Bodenfauna (Carabidae [Coleoptera], Diplopoda und Isopoda) in den forstlichrekultiviertenGebieten des RheinischenBraunkohlenreviers. Pedobiologia 11: 193-226.
  8. Skubala P (1999) Colonization of a dolomitic dump by oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida). Pedobiologia 43: 145-159.
  9. Skubala P, Rola K, Osyczka P (2016) Oribatid communities and heavy metal bioaccumulation in selected species associated with lichens in a strongly metal contaminated habitat. Environ SciPollut Res 23: 8861-8871.
  10. Usher MB (1979) Natural communities of plants and animals in disused quarries. J Environ Managem 8: 223-236.
  11. Majer JD (1989) Animals in primary succession. The role of fauna in reclaimed lands. Cambridge University Press, New York.
  12. Skubala P (1995) Moss mites (Acarina: Oribatida) on industrial dumps of different ages. Pedobiologia 39: 170-184.
  13. Dunger W (1991) Zurprimärsukzessionhumiphagertiergruppen auf bergbauflächen. ZoolJahrbSyst 118: 423-447.
  14. Skubala P, Rola K, Osyczka P, Kafel A (2014) Oribatidmite communities on lichens in heavily contaminated post-smelting dumps. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol67: 578-592.
Citation: Piotr S (2017) Post-Industrial Dumps as a “Unique” Experiment for Ecologists. J Pollut Eff Cont 5:e115.

Copyright: © 2017 Piotr S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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