Open Access

ISSN: 2332-0915

Short Communication - (2021)Volume 9, Issue 3

Craniofacial photographic superimposition: New turns of events

Kasi Priya*
*Correspondence: Kasi Priya, India, Email:

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Craniofacial superimposition is a strategy utilized in the field of scientific humanities to aid the examination of an obscure skull. The cycle includes superimposing a picture of the recuperated skull over a bet mortem picture of the speculated person. In the previous twenty years, there has been a decrease in the application because of the advancement of atomic investigation as a more exact and precise distinguishing proof procedure


The strategy for craniofacial superimposition includes correlation of highlights of a skull with antemortem photos of a head as well as face. In the measurable setting, photographic superimposition centers around a recuperated skull that probably is of adequately later birthplace to be of medico-lawful interest. Criminological researchers utilize the method when positive recognizable proof has not been refined in any case, specialists presume the recuperated skull identifies with a specific missing individual. Investigation objectives center around deciding whether (1) the skull couldn't address the individual (prohibition), (2) the skull unquestionably addresses the individual (positive ID) or (3) the skull could address the individual. An avoidance shows that highlights of the skull are conflicting with highlights of the antemortem photos to the degree that they couldn't address a similar individual.

Positive distinguishing proof proposes that the skull and photo share so numerous significant highlights that they address a similar individual to the rejection of all others. The third class demonstrates that the skull and photo share adequate highlights that an avoidance is unrealistic however the common attributes are not adequately novel to permit a positive recognizable proof.

It ought to be noticed that craniofacial superimposition ought not be mistaken for procedures of facial estimate. Facial guess includes assessing the facial appearance from a recuperated skull ordinarily to connect with people in general for data perhaps prompting.

Viewpoint Before 2015

Techniques for craniofacial photographic superimposition have developed drastically since rough, early endeavors tracing all the way back to 1931 (Ubelaker, 2015) [1]. Audit articles by Aulsebrook et al. (1995) [2], Damas et al. (2011) [3], Yoshino (2012) [4] and Ubelaker (2015) [1] sum up the historical backdrop of these turns of events and the issues experienced. These thorough surveys archive progress through mechanical headway (essentially computerization of the cycle) and new examination recording the connection among hard and delicate tissues of the head [5].

Advances since 2015

Disregarding some chronicled issues with this methodology and the expanding accessibility of DNA investigation, craniofacial superimposition keeps on assuming a critical part in casework. Milligan et al. (2018) give a California case model. An incomplete head was recuperated with proof of a past craniotomy. Assessment uncovered the presence of two careful screws and two plates. The measurable group used skull-video superimposition to analyze the head with an antemortem CT filter. This examination, alongside other proof, added to the ID

The significant progression lately concerning craniofacial photographic superimposition has revolved around exercises of the New Methodologies and Protocols of Forensic Identification by Craniofacial Superimposition (MEPROCS) project. Notwithstanding the MEPROCS formal undertaking, various other activities lately have uncovered mechanical advances in craniofacial superimposition strategies (Gordon and Steyn, 2016; Huete et al., 2015; Lee et al., 2015; Park et al., 2015; Stephan and Claes, 2016; Stephan et al., 2019; Yatabe et al., 2019). Advances have been enrolled from cranio-facial distinguishing proof endeavors, just as from the clinical, especially the muscular writing (Weissheimer et al).


Solid exploration interest proceeds in craniofacial superimposition. While issues with past applications have arisen and been recognized, new philosophy has significantly improved techniques. Progression has been set apart by new innovation and by refined measurable examination and testing on known materials. Utilization of these procedures has been underestimated in certain districts in favor of atomic investigation focused on ID. In any case, interest stays solid in numerous pieces of the existence where DNA labs are less accessible or cost restrictive. Monetary issues too are related with the new mechanical advances in craniofacial superimposition since some require gear not all around accessible.


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Author Info

Kasi Priya*

Citation: Priya. K (2021) Craniofacial photographic superimposition: New turns of events. Anthropology 9:228

Received: 22-Feb-2021 Accepted: 09-Mar-2021 Published: 17-Mar-2021 , DOI: 10.35248/2332-0915.20.9.232

Copyright: ©2021 Priya. K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Sources of funding : None