A Brief Note on Minoxidil
Hair Therapy & Transplantation

Hair Therapy & Transplantation
Open Access

ISSN: 2167-0951

Short Communication - (2022)Volume 12, Issue 1

A Brief Note on Minoxidil

Bi Wenjun* and Zhai Xiaowen
*Correspondence: Bi Wenjun, Department of Dermatology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China, Email:

Author info »


Minoxidil (2,4-diamino-6-piperidinopyrimidine3-oxide), oversubscribed underneath the name Loniten among others, could be a medication used for the treatment of high force per unit area and pattern hair loss in males and females. It is in the market as a generic medication by prescription in oral pill kind and over the counter as a topical liquid or foam.

Minoxidil, once used for hypertensive is usually reserved to be used in severe cardiovascular disease patients World Health Organization cannot reply to a minimum of 2 agents and a diuretic drug. Rogaine is additionally typically administered with a loop diuretic drug to stop the metal. It going to conjointly cause a reflex arrhythmia and therefore is prescribed with a beta-blocker. Minoxidil, applied locally, is wide used for the treatment of hair loss [1]. It is effective in serving to promote hair growth in individuals with sex hormone phalacrosis despite sex. Rogaine should be used indefinitely for continuing support of existing hair follicles and therefore the maintenance of any intimate with hair regrowth. Its result in individuals with alopecia is unclear.

The mechanism by that Rogaine promotes hair growth isn't absolutely understood. Rogaine is Associate in nursing nucleoside 5'-triphosphate-sensitive atomic number 19 channel opener, inflicting hyperpolarization of cell membranes [2-4]. On paper, by widening blood vessels and gap atomic number 19 channels, it permits a lot of O, blood, and nutrients to the follicles. Moreover, Rogaine contains a gas moiety and should act as a gas agonist. This could cause follicles within the telogen section to shed, that area unit then replaced by thicker hairs in a very new anagen section. Rogaine could be a prodrug that's born-again by sulfation via the sulfotransferase protein SULT1A1 to its active kind, Rogaine sulphate [1].

The result of Rogaine is mediate by nucleoside, which triggers animate thing signal transduction via each nucleoside A1 receptors and 2 sub-types of nucleoside A2 receptors (A2A and A2B receptors). Rogaine acts as Associate in nursing substance of the Kir6/SUR2 channel upon selective binding to SUR 2 [3]. The expression of SUR2B in dermal papilla cells may play a task within the production of nucleoside. Rogaine induces cell growth factors like VEGF, HGF, IGF-1 and potentiates HGF and IGF-1 actions by the activation of unconnected antidiabetic receptor on the cell wall of dermal papilla cells [2,3]. A number of in vitro effects of Rogaine are represented in monocultures of assorted skin and follicle cell varieties together with stimulation of cell proliferation, inhibition of scleroprotein synthesis, and stimulation of tube-shaped structure epithelial tissue protein, autacoid synthesis and leukotriene B4 expression.

Minoxidil causes a distribution of cellular iron through its apparent capability to bind this metal particle [2,4]. By binding iron in a very Fenton-reactive kind, animate thing group production would turn out, however group would be right away at bay and scavenged by the Rogaine to come up with a nitroxyl radical. It is plausible that this nitroxyl radical are going to be capable of reduction by glutathione to reform Rogaine. Such a method would cycle till the Rogaine is different wise metabolized and would lead to fast glutathione depletion with glutathione disulphide formation and so with concomitant consumption of NADPH/NADH and other reducing equivalents [1,3].

Mechanism Of Action

Rogaine inhibited Ph.D. by busybodies with the conventional perform of ascorbate, a compound of the protein, resulting in a stabilization of HIF-1α super molecule and a resultant activation of HIF-1. In Associate in Nursing in vivo growing assay, mill molar Rogaine multiplied vessel formation in a very VEGF-dependent manner [1,3,5]. Rogaine inhibition of Ph.D. happens via interrupting ascorbate binding to iron. The structural feature of positioning amines adjacent to gas could confer the flexibility of mill molar Rogaine to chelate iron; thereby inhibiting Ph.D. Rogaine is capable of tetrahydrobiopterin inhibition as a compound for gas synthase.

Minoxidil stimulates autacoid E2 production by activating cyclooxygenase and autacoid endoperoxide synthase-1 however inhibits prostacyclin production. To boot, expression of the autacoid E2 receptor, the foremost upregulated target factor within the within the of DP cells, was increased by Rogaine, which can modify hair follicles to grow unendingly and maintain the anagen section [1,4]. Due to anti-fibrotic activity of Rogaine inhibition of protein lysyl hydroxylase gift in embryonic cell could lead to synthesis of a hydroxylysine-deficient scleroprotein.

Rogaine can even doubtless stimulate elastogenesis in arteria sleek muscle cells and in skin fibroblasts in a very dose-dependent manner. In hypertensive rats, Rogaine will increase scleroprotein level within the peritoneum, abdominal and urinary organ arteries by a decrease in "elastase" protein activity in these tissues [3,5]. In rats, one metallic element metal channel openers decrease metal inflow that inhibits scleroprotein factor transcription through living thing signal-regulated enzyme ½ (ERK 1/2)-activator super molecule 1 sign pathway [6].


ERK 1/2 will increase, through scleroprotein factor transcription, adequately cross-linked elastic fibre content synthetized by sleek muscle cells, and reduces the amount of cells within the arteria. Minoxidil possesses alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist activity, Stimulates the peripheral Sympathetic System (SNS) by manner of arteria and arteria sensory receptor reflexes. Rogaine administration conjointly brings a rise in plasma peptidase activity, for the most part thanks to the same activation of the SNS.

This activation of the renin-angiotensin axis any prompts multiplied synthesis of mineralocorticoid; whereas plasma and urinary aldosterone levels area unit multiplied early within the course of treatment with Rogaine, over time these values tend to normalize presumptively thanks to accelerated metabolic clearance of mineralocorticoid in association with viscus dilation.


Author Info

Bi Wenjun* and Zhai Xiaowen
Department of Dermatology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China

Citation: Wenjun B, Xiaowen Z (2022) A Brief Note on Minoxidil. Hair Ther Transplant. 12:180.

Received: 18-Feb-2022, Manuscript No. HTT-22-15169; Editor assigned: 21-Feb-2022, Pre QC No. HTT-22-15169 (PQ); Reviewed: 07-Mar-2022, QC No. HTT-22-15169; Revised: 11-Mar-2022, Manuscript No. HTT-22-15169 (R); Published: 18-Mar-2022 , DOI: DOI: 10.35248/2167-0951.22.12.180

Copyright: © 2022 Wenjun B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.