Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity

Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-9509

+44 7868 792050

Commentary - (2022)Volume 10, Issue 10

A Bone-Targeted Engineered Exosome Platform Delivering Si RNA to Treat Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

Bein Heather*
*Correspondence: Bein Heather, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institute, Sweden, Email:

Author info »


Exosomes are membrane-bound extracellular vesicles (EVs) that are created within the endosomal compartment of most eukaryotic cells. The multivesicular body (MVB) is an endosome characterized by intraluminal vesicles (ILVs) that bud internal into the endosomal lumen. The complex pathogenesis of osteoporosis incorporates over the top bone resorption, deficiently bone arrangement and lacking vascularization, a combination which is troublesome to totally address with ordinary treatments. Built exosomes carrying healing atoms appear guarantee as elective osteoporosis treatments, but depend on specifically-functionalized vesicles and suitable building procedures. The designed exosomes BT-ExosiShn3, took advantage of the natural anti-osteoporosis work of these extraordinary MSC-derived exosomes and collaborated with the stacked siRNA of the Shn3 quality to improve the restorative impacts. Adjustment of a bone-targeting peptide invested the BT-Exo-siShn3 an capacity to provide siRNA to osteoblasts particularly. Hushing of the osteoblastic Shn3 quality improved osteogenic separation, diminished autologous RANKL expression and subsequently restrained osteoclast arrangement. Besides, Shn3 quality hushing expanded generation of SLIT3 and subsequently encouraged vascularization, particularly arrangement of sort H vessels [1].

Osteoporosis could be a systemic skeletal malady characterized by moo bone mass and microarchitectural weakening of bone tissue, with a resulting increment in bone delicacy and defenselessness to break. It is well acknowledged that osteoclastic bone resorption surpasses osteoblastic bone arrangement, coming about in a diminish in bone mineral and resulting osteoporosis [2].

In this way, the current methodology for treating osteoporosis basically centers on smothering osteoclast action or actuating bone arrangement. Inhibitors of osteoclast separation and enactment (e.g., estrogen, specific estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), bisphosphonates, denosumab, and calcitonin) have been utilized within the clinic for numerous a long time. In any case, these drugs come up short to reestablish osteoblast work and modify bone microarchitecture, whereas they can moreover cause numerous unfavorable impacts.

Drugs that advance bone arrangement moreover have diverse issues with long-term utilize In past a long time, the parts of vascularization within the pathogenesis of osteoporosis have pulled in expanding consideration, particularly a newly-discovered vascular subtype (type-H vessels) which control development of the bone vasculature, enlist osteoprogenitors and couple osteogenesis to angiogenesis. Later considers uncovered that the number of type-H vessels is clearly diminished in osteoporotic and matured bones, accompanied by a diminish within the number of osteoprogenitors. Solutions invigorating the arrangement of type-H vessels have been found to anticipate bone misfortune to a few degree. In combination with these breakthroughs, we point to create a bone-targeting treatment for osteoporosis, which can hinder bone resorption whereas advancing bone arrangement and vascularization. Hint transient and spatial cross-talks exist between distinctive sorts of bone cells, and one bioactive particle may cause a cascade response, which can be created as a restorative target [3,4].



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  4. Florencio-Silva R, Sasso GR, Sasso-Cerri E, Simões MJ, Cerri PS. Biology of bone tissue: structure, function, and factors that influence bone cells. Biomed Res Int. 2015;421746.

Author Info

Bein Heather*
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Citation: Heather B (2022) A Bone-Targeted Engineered Exosome Platform Delivering Si Rna to Treat Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis. J Osteopor Phys Act. 10:330.

Received: 26-Sep-2022, Manuscript No. JOPA-22-14220; Editor assigned: 29-Sep-2022, Pre QC No. JOPA-22-14220 (PQ); Reviewed: 13-Oct-2022, QC No. JOPA-22-14220; Revised: 20-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. JOPA-22-14220 (R); Published: 27-Oct-2022 , DOI: 10.35841/2329- 9509.22.10.330

Copyright: © 2022 Heather B. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.