Journal of Research and Development

Journal of Research and Development
Open Access

ISSN: 2311-3278

44 2039363178



  • Value Added Abstract   
    Development of CMOS devices - past, present and future
    Author(s): Dr.T.D.Subash

    Electronics started in early 1900’s with the invention of vacuum tubes. This was a great technological revolution. Then, the next technological evolution started in early 1970’s by the invention of microelectronics or integrated circuits composed of huge number of tiny MOSFETs with micrometer size. The performance and cost of the IC per function have unbelievably improved by the continuous miniaturization of the MOSFETs. Now, the microelectronics have evolved to the nanoelectronics and micro-nano-electronics is the base of smart society for today and near-future, which is characterized by internet, IoT, and AI. However, it is expected that the miniaturization will reach its limit within 10 years, because of several reasons. Then, what about the development of integrated circuits or integrated devices  technologies after the end of miniaturization? Integrated circuits .. Read More»

    Abstract PDF