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UTILITY ARCHES IN ORTHODONTICS ??? CASE REPORTS | Abstract
Annals and Essences of Dentistry

Annals and Essences of Dentistry
Open Access

ISSN: 0975-8798, 0976-156X

Abstract

UTILITY ARCHES IN ORTHODONTICS ??? CASE REPORTS

Rakesh A, Vijay Reddy G, Deepthi Reddy V

Utility arches, originally designed by Ricketts as a part of his Bioprogressive therapy, are one of the most versatile auxiliary arch wires. They can be used for a wide variety of orthodontic tooth movements including protraction, retraction, intrusion and to hold teeth passively. They are also called as 2 x 4 appliances and can be used in both permanent and mixed dentitions. Their construction and applications are well illustrated with case reports.

Published Date: 2011-03-31;

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