This study examines the role of GIS in emergency management through the lens of comprehensive emergency management and its four phases: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. The primary concern before a potential disaster is mitigating the impact of a hazard. Here GIS is gaining favour in risk assessment and the development of long-term mitigation strategies. In the preparedness and response phases, GIS may serve either as the integrating centrepiece for a comprehensive disaster preparedness and response system or as a portable, on-site source of spatial information. In the wake of a disaster, GIS is becoming integral in supporting damage assessment, rebuilding, and public education. The studying concludes with an example application of GIS in emergency planning: evacuation vulnerability mapping As happened in the Gaza war in 2014, where dozens of people lost their lives as a result of the random evacuation of the population and the absence of pre-preparation for disasters, especially wars.
Published Date: 2021-09-07;