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Mehran G, Rohaninasab M, Hanifnia AR, Darvari B and Mehrnahad Z
Objective: Alopecia areata affecting 0.1%-0.2% of humans, occurring in both males and females. Initial presentation most commonly occurs in the late teenage years, early childhood, or young adulthood, but can happen in people of any ages. In the present study, we were to find any association between the onset of alopecia areata (AA) and preceding emotional stress.
Subjects and methods: Totally 47 patients with diagnosed AA and 47 controls (healthy subjects refer for cosmetic reasons, matched on age and gender) enrolled to our study at the dermatology clinic of Hazrat Rasoul Akram hospital, Tehran, Iran. Participants were administered paykel, s questionnaire for Recent Life Events, also demographic data of all subjects registered simultaneously.
Results: The distribution of alopecia in patients was as follow: head 30 (63.8%), beard 16 (34%), body 1 (2.1%). The total score of recent life events (last 12 months) was not different significantly between the alopecia patients (6.9 ± 1.01) and the comparison subjects (7.12 ± 0.91). p=0.95
Conclusion: Our results do not support the hypothesis that stressful life events associated to the occurrence of alopecia areata.