One effective approach to treating large amounts of wastewater produced during livestock production is to use it to irrigate crops. ARGs are spread readily among microbial populations by mobile genetic elements, and may pose threats to human health here, swine wastewater was used to irrigate cultivated peppers, and compared to relatively ARG-free groundwater. AFI was compared to CFI (100%) at three AFI irrigation rates (80%, 65% and 50% of CFI). The results showed that wastewater irrigation resulted in greater accumulation of antibiotics and ARGs in soil than groundwater irrigation. The effect of wastewater was much more pronounced in rhizosphere than in the bulk soils. Compared with CFI, AFI using wastewater reduced the relative abundance of ARGs in rhizosphere, but the concentration of antibiotics was largely unaffected; though antibiotic concentrations in roots were significantly. The soil bacterial communities did not change significantly between the different irrigation rates, but different behaviours were observed between ARGs and antibiotics at different irrigation rates. Antibiotic availability plays an important role in the diffusion of ARGs. In conclusion, AFI with livestock wastewater can reduce the relative abundance of ARGs in rhizosphere, but reducing irrigation amount should be employed carefully for the safe agricultural production.
Published Date: 2020-11-30; Received Date: 2020-11-09