Advances in Pediatric Research

Advances in Pediatric Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2385-4529

+44 1223 790975


The Argentina Premature Asthma and Respiratory Team (APART): objectives, design, and recruitment results of a prospective cohort study of viruses and wheezing in very low birth weight infants

Tatyana Plachco, Romina Libster, Jodell E. Linder, Lucrecia Bossi, Norma Aspres, Gabriela Bauer, John V. Williams, Fernando P. Polack, E. Kathryn Miller, and the Argentina Premature Asthma and Respiratory Team (APART)

Background: Asthma and wheezing account for a substantial disease burden around the world. Very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 grams) infants are at an increased risk for the development of severe acute respiratory illness (ARI) and recurrent wheeze/asthma. The role of respiratory viruses in asthma predisposition in premature infants is not well understood. Preliminary evidence suggests that infection with human rhinovirus (RV) early in life may contribute to greater burden of asthma later in life. Methods: A prospective cohort study of premature VLBW infants from Buenos Aires, Argentina, was enrolled year-round during a three-year period in the neonatal intensive care unit and followed during every ARI and with monthly well visits during the first year of life. Longitudinal follow-up up until age five years is ongoing. Results: This report describes the objectives, design, and recruitment results of this prospective cohort. Two hundred and five patients were enrolled from August 2011 through January 2014, and follow-up is ongoing. A total of 319 ARI episodes were observed from August 2011 to July 2014, and 910 well visits occurred during this time period. Conclusions: The Argentina Premature Asthma and Respiratory Team (APART) is a unique cohort consisting of over 200 patients and over 1200 specimens who have been and will continue to be followed intensively from NICU discharge to capture baseline risk factors and every ARI, with interceding well visits

Published Date: 2014-12-31;