Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology

Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7048



Response Surface Methodology for Adsorption of Fluoride Ion Using Nanoparticle of Zero Valent Iron from Aqueous Solution

Ali Fakhri and Saeideh Adami

This study is removal of fluoride ion from aqueous solution by nano zero valent iron (nZVI). Effects of the factor variables (temperature, nZVI dose and pH) and their interactions on adsorption of fluoride ion were investigated by response surface methodology (RSM) based on Box-Behnken design (BBD). Optimized values of temperature, nZVI dose and pH for fluoride sorption were found as 313K, 0.5 g, and 4, respectively. The effect of initial fluoride concentration on the adsorption amount was investigated by a batch experiment. For study the fluoride removal mechanism, various adsorption isotherms such as Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin were fitted. The results showed that the Freundlich isotherm gave high fit for fluoride adsorption. The time of adsorption reaction was rapid and subordinated pseudo-second-order kinetics. The values of thermodynamic parameters indicated that adsorption was spontaneous and endothermic in nature. The nano zero valent iron (nZVI) could be used as a potential adsorbent for fluoride ion containing aqueous solution.