Advances in Pediatric Research

Advances in Pediatric Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2385-4529

+44 1223 790975


Population attributable risks of neurobehavioral disorders due to low birth weight in US children

Sandie U. Ha, Lindsay A. Thompson, Greg Kearney, Jeffrey Roth, Xiaohui Xu

Background: The prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) and neurobehavioral disorders (ND) has increased over the last three decades. However, it is unclear how many excess cases of ND can be attributed to LBW among U.S. children. The objectives of this study were to a) determine the association between LBW and ND including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), behavior and conduct disorder (BCD) and learning disability (LD); and b) determine the population attributable risk (PAR) of these disorders due to LBW. Methods: Study subjects were a nationally representative cross-sectional sample of 85,637 children ages 2 to 17 years old who participated in the 2011 National Survey of Children’s Health. Birth weight and ND were reported by parents. Results: LBW accounted for 6.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.3-10.4) of all ASD cases, 2.4% (CI 0.1- 5.1) of BCD, and 6.8% (CI 4.8-9.0) of LD among the study population. There was not a significant association between LBW and ADHD. The percentages of these ND due to LBW were found to be higher among those who were pre-term and among ethnic minority groups. Conclusions: Based on our results and given that over 8% of U.S. children are born with LBW, with higher rates among minorities and preterm births, prospective planning for neurobehavioral services is warranted. Efforts to reduce ND in children align with national efforts to reduce LBW.

Published Date: 2014-04-30;