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Plastic Pollution in Pakistan: Environmental and Health Implications | Abstract
Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control
Open Access

ISSN: 2375-4397

Abstract

Plastic Pollution in Pakistan: Environmental and Health Implications

Muhammad Mukheed*, Alisha Khan

Plastic pollution is one of the prime and alarming issues in developing countries that have vast environmental
and human health impacts which need to be addressed as a priority. Unfortunately, limited work has been done
on the topic, especially on air and water pollution due to plastics in Pakistan. Informal solid waste management is
being done by municipalities, which is not adequate, and the problem will increase with the upsurge in population
and industrialization. There is a need to address the knowledge gap and improvements in the existing conditions
to manage the issue of plastic pollution separately. In this chapter, causes; impacts of plastic pollution both on
human and environmental health, plastic industries, and legislative context; and best practices to manage plastic
pollution along with some important recommendations are discussed. It is expected the data presented may help
the managers, environmental scientists, and policymakers to manage the problem of plastic pollution. Most plastic
is Made from fossil fuels like oil and natural gas, which release toxic emissions when extracted from the earth.
Plastic contribution has penetrated into all branches of human activity: everyday utensils to decorations, packing
industry, construction and most importantly medical industry. Excessive use of plastics everywhere, on one hand
has brought easy comforts while on the other hand its safe disposal has become a major issue that is leading to
dangerous levels of environmental pollution. Soil, land, air and marine pollution has worsened due to unlimited use
of plastic items. Pakistan is also facing health and other hazards being created due to extensive and widespread use of
plastics in the country. Irrigations system of Pakistan is one of the largest gravity flow irrigations systems in the world
comprising of dams, barrages, head-works, secondary and tertiary canals and water courses, bridges, syphons and
other hydraulic structures. Plastic pollution starts from the catchment areas in the mountain ranges due to tourism,
local population, agricultural, industrial and other activities which cause transportation of disposed plastic bags/
bottles etc. into streams/rivers due to wind or water flow actions. In this paper a review of issues/problems caused
by plastic pollution to our irrigation system has been outlined with some remedial steps.

Published Date: 2020-09-07; Received Date: 2020-07-27

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