Journal of Women's Health Care

Journal of Women's Health Care
Open Access

ISSN: 2167-0420



Placental Malaria in Newly Delivered Women in the Maternity Hospital of Chud Borgou in 2015

Salifou K, Obossou AAA, Noudamadjo A, Houkponou F, Sidi R, Vodounhe M, Perrin XR and Alihonou E

Introduction: Malaria remains a major public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa with high mortality in pregnant women and newborn infants. In the latter, malaria is the consequence of placental transmission of plasmodium. This study aims at identifying the factors associated with placental malaria in CHUD/B in 2015.

Patients and Method: It was a prospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study with an analytical purpose in the CHUD/Borgou Gynecology and Obstetrics department in Parakou. The study population consisted of pregnant women admitted in the Gynecology and Obstetrics department. It was an exhaustive census of all pregnant women admitted in the CHUD/B Gynecology and Obstetrics department.

Results: Placental malaria was diagnosed in 57 pregnant women that is to say a prevalence of 20.28%. The average age of the mothers was 26 ± 6.02 years with extremes of 16 and 51 years. They were housewives in 27% of cases and 33.1% among them were not educated. The factors associated with the occurrence of the infection were the non-use of LLIN (Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets) and fever in the 3rd quarter of pregnancy with respectively p-value of 0.0490 and 0.0388.

Conclusion: Placental malaria, an intermediate step in neonatal infection is common in Parakou and LLIN remains the most effective means of prevention in our context.