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Introduction: Among the perioperative complications encountered in patients with renal failure, there is a high risk of events such as heart failure and increased susceptibility to infection. Herein, we report the results of our investigation of perioperative management in patients with chronic renal failure who underwent a pulmonary resection.
Methods: The subjects were 21 hemodialysis patients with renal failure who underwent pulmonary resection for lung cancer. We retrospectively investigated their clinical characteristics and perioperative management. The patients were classified into two groups; those with and without symptoms of postoperative acute heart failure. Intergroup comparisons of preoperative examinations and management were performed.
Results: The most common preoperative comorbidity was cardiac complications, which occurred at a high incidence of 38%. There were no serious perioperative complications. In contrast, postoperative complications associated with renal failure were numerous, including acute heart failure in 3 (14%) and hyperkalemia in 2 (9.5%). We concluded that preoperative respiratory function, intraoperative fluid infusion volume, and preoperative cardiac comorbidities are potential risk factors for postoperative heart failure in such patients.
Conclusion: Although there were no cases with perioperative mortality, postoperative complications were encountered, including heart failure and hyperkalemia, suggesting that more stringent cardiovascular and respiratory management techniques are necessary.