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Journal of Oceanography and Marine Research

Journal of Oceanography and Marine Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2572-3103

Abstract

Parasitological and Comparative Pathological Studies on Monogenean Infestation of Cultured Sea Bream (Sparus aurata, Spariidae) in Egypt

Nisreen E. Mahmoud, Mahmoud AM and Fahmy MM

This investigation was realized between December 2012 to November 2013. A total of 400 Sea bream (Sparus aurata) were sampled from a private fish farm in Ezbet Elborg area, Domietta province, Egypt and were investigated in terms of monogenean parasites .The prevalence, seasonal dynamics, mean intensity as well as the histopathological influence of the detected monogeneans were estimated. The standard parasitological methods were used in the survey and yielded four monogenean species on the Sea bream gills: Furnestinia Echeneis (58.59% of invaded fish), Encotyllabe spari 32.81%, Sparicotyle chrysophrii 25.78% and Choriocotyle chrysophrii 17.19%. The total prevalence was 32% and the highest rate was recorded during summer. With the exception of Encotyllabe spari, the detected parasites are new records for the monogenean fauna of Egypt ( new geographical record) and also Sea bream (Sparus aurata) is a new host record for the monogenean Choriocotyle chrysophrii.

Histopathological examination revealed different pathological changes in the affected bronchial tissue. The lesions were depended on the type of the detected monogenea. Some parts of the brachial tissue showed hyperplasia of mucous secreting cells, hemorrhages and edema. Necrosis of the gill lamellar epithelium was a common finding at the sites of parasites attachment. In these sites, the necrotic tissue debris was noticed between gill lamellae. In the necrotic part, the secondary lamellae were fused, atrophied with mononuclear cells infiltration. The monogenean parasites were prominently noticed and attached to the gill filaments. The anterior part of the parasites in some cases appeared attached to the epithelial lining of the secondary lamellae with desquamated cells. In other cases, cross sections of the parasites were embedded in the bronchial tissue either gill filaments or gill rakers. Focal areas of denuded epithelium were noticed, in such cases, prominent mononuclear cells infiltration was common.

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