Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) refers to the effluent obtained from palm oil production in the mill at the final stage. It shows the presence of residue oil and suspended solids, its potentials to pollute both ecological niches have been attributed to the most intricate environmental turmoil for the 21st century. The use of biotechnological processes involves microorganisms, with the sole aim of providing a solution to environmental pollution problems, this is rapidly growing in recent decades where POME hydrocarbons and its derivatives are concerned. This paper presents a state of the art review on palm oil mill effluent pollution, prevalence, remediation methods, its environmental potentials and biodegradation as a panacea. However, the significant development of its execution, major limitations together with the future expectation are summarized and discussed. Conclusively, hydrocarbons are been removed by both mechanical and chemical methods from the hydrocarbons-polluted site have restricted viability and can be expensive, thus, Biodegradation remains the promising technology for the treatment of polluted site because of its cost-effectiveness and complete mineralization.
Published Date: 2020-11-22; Received Date: 2020-10-09