Enzyme Engineering

Enzyme Engineering
Open Access

ISSN: ISSN: 2329-6674

+32 28087017

Abstract

NAD (H) Linked Enzyme Catalyzed Reactions using Coupled Enzymes in a Composite Nanoparticle System

Sujata Sinha, Vidya Bhat and Subhash Chand

Different approaches for cofactor recycling/regeneration have been studied and one of them is havingregenerating enzyme immobilized on some suitable support. Here, we are reporting the cofactor NAD (H) recyclingwith the help of free enzymes and enzymes loaded on nanoparticles. Baker?s yeast alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH)and formate dehydrogenase (FDH) from Candida boidinii were immobilized on alumina nanoparticles and appliedto catalyze the coupled reactions for production of n-propanol. Cofactor regeneration within the reaction cycle wasachieved as a result of collision between enzyme loaded particles and free cofactor. Brownian motion providedeffective interactions among the catalytic components, and thus realized a dynamic shuttling of the cofactor betweenthe two enzymes to keep the reaction cycles continuing. Maximum recycle rate of 6650 cycles/hr was obtained and itdecreased with increasing cofactor concentration within the reaction system, for free as well as immobilized system.It was concluded that particles attached enzymes could be one of the new biochemical strategy used for cofactordependent biotransformation.

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