Berhitu PT, Hutabarat S, Supriharyono and Suprapto D
The development process of coastal zone in Ambon city has been confronted with various problems such as the imbalance between development and carrying capacity, unsustainable resource utilization, lack of synergy in management amongst stakeholders, poor legal framework in management and population growth. These issues must be evaluated in order to realize an integrated and sustainable management of the coastal area. The research aimed at understanding the sustainability level of coastal zone management of Ambon City by using multi dimension approach. Research data were obtained from primary and secondary data source. Five dimensions analyzed were: legal and institutional, ecology, technology and infrastructure, economy, and sociocultural. Analysis was done by using Multidimensional Scale (MDS). Research result of 51 attributes of the five dimensions showed multidimensional sustainability index of 50.13% categorized as unlikely to be sustainable. Ecology dimension is 42.74% categorized as unlikely to be sustainable, economic dimension is 50.50% categorized as relatively sustainable, sociocultural dimension is 52.12%, categorized as relatively sustainable. Technology and infrastructure dimension is 51.29%, legal and institutional dimension is 56.88%, categorized as relatively sustainable. Of the 51 attributes analyzed, there are 12 sensitive attributes which affects the sustainability of the coastal area management. Evaluations and interventions on these 12 attributes must be done proportionally by considering the correlation amongst these attributes on coastal zone management of Ambon City in an integrated way.