Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Anesthesia & Clinical Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-6148



Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Nurses towards Post-operative Pain Management in Wolaita Sodo University Teaching Referral Hospital, Ethiopia, Institutional Based Cross-sectional Study

Getahun Dendir, Ashagre Sintayehu, Walellign Anmut

Background: Patient recovery after surgery is one of the most important health processes in hospital healthcare.
Effective pain management requires precise knowledge, attitude, and competent assessment skills in practice.
Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude, and practice toward postoperative pain management among Nurses staff of
Wolaita Sodo University Teaching referral Hospital from May 13-28, 2019.
Method: Across sectional-study design was carried out in Wolaita Sodo University Teaching referral Hospital. All
nurses who were provided postoperative patient care were included. Data were collected using a pre-tested and
structured questionnaire by trained data collectors and then coded and entered into Epi data 3.5.1 and exported to
SPSS version 25 for cleaning and analysis. Descriptive statistics like frequency tables and graphs were used for data
Results: Most of nurses have good knowledge related to post-operative pain management, but they are poor in opioid
related side effect. The findings of these studies revealed that there were several obstacles, which leads inadequate
postoperative pain management, and there were deficiencies concerning postoperative pain management through
providing pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management. In this study unavailability of sufficient pain
medication in the ward, lack of protocol, and poor communication pain assessment were the three highest barriers
perceived by nurses in postoperative pain management practice.
Conclusion: Inadequate post-operative pain management is the result of several obstacles (barriers) that identified by
nurses rather than knowledge, attitude, and practice which includes unavailability of enough pain medication in the
ward, lack of specific pain management protocol and guidelines, poor communication pain assessment, and absence
of non-pharmacological pain management methods and materials to provide non-pharmacological pain management.

Published Date: 2020-07-17; Received Date: 2020-06-20