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Aquaculture is the fastest growing livestock activity in Brazil, producing important sources of protein for human consumption. Most Brazilian fish farms that work with native species perform in vitro reproduction, given that these migrating species cannot release gametes without hormonal induction. To succeed with in vitro reproduction, the evaluation of reproductive parameters of both genders is necessary. The objective of this review is to describe the main reproductive parameters of fish, which must be evaluated for in vitro reproduction.