ISSN: 0975-8798, 0976-156X
Manda Priyanka, Vijay Kumar Chava
This literature reviewed concerning implant surface and tissue interface. Information about various implants surfaces and their attachment to the tissue surface and their possible mechanism of cell attachments formation and their effect on implant surface properties on attachment is presented. The different types of implant surface designs and chemical attachment between implant surface and epithelium are demonstrated. The implant and bone interface at ultramicroscopic level shows a glycoprotein layer on implants to which collagen fibers are arranged. The implant surface and connective tissue interface represented with supracrestal connective tissue fibers arranged parallel to the implant surface, because of this it is not as strong as that of the connective tissue and tooth interface, but it is strong enough to withstand the occlusal forces and microbial invasions. The implant epithelial interface is considered as biological seal. A greater understanding of mechanism of attachments of and of factors which enhances the integrity of biologic seal between implant and both the hard and soft tissues should permit an improved prognosis of functioning of implants.