GET THE APP

Exhibitors to Bleeding Disorders in the Context of Pre-Eclampsia: Analytical Preliminary Study About 50 Cases at Laquintinie Hospital (Douala, Cameroon) | Abstract
Gynecology & Obstetrics

Gynecology & Obstetrics
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0932

Abstract

Exhibitors to Bleeding Disorders in the Context of Pre-Eclampsia: Analytical Preliminary Study About 50 Cases at Laquintinie Hospital (Douala, Cameroon)

Henri Essome*, Florence Obono Ebo, Fulbert Mangala Nkwele, Robert Tchounzou, Merlin Boten, Gertrude Moukouri Same, Ingrid Ofakem Ilick, Grace Tocki Toutou, Guy Pascal Ngaba and Pascal Foumane

Introduction: Pre-eclampsia is one of the major causes of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in the world. The complexity of its etiopathogenesis involves, among other things, age, primi-gravidity, obesity, lack of sensitization to the partner's sperm. Our objective was to describe the socio-clinical profile of the preeclampsia pregnant woman received in consultation in our department and to investigate its influence on certain coagulation parameters (prothrombin level, activated partial thromboplastin time).

Methodology: We carried out an analytical cross-sectional study from 01st November 2018 to 31st May 2019, in the gynecology and obstetrics department of the Laquintinie Hospital in Douala. We recruited 150 pregnant women including 50 preeclampsia matched to 100 non-preeclampsia all with a gestational age greater than 20 weeks of amenorrhea. The variables of interest were age, pregnancy, parity, gestational age, marital status and body mass index, Prothrombin Level (PL), and Activated Cephalin Time (ACT). Statistical tests were considered significant for a p-value <0.05.

Results: The majority age group in both groups was that of 25-30 years with a mean age of 27.80 ± 5.80 in the pregnant preeclampsia; the latter was predominantly pauci-gravid, nulliparous, and grade 1 obese with a gestational age predominantly ≥ 37 weeks of amenorrhea.

In linear regression analysis and unvaried regression analysis, we did not find any socio-clinical factors exposing to coagulation disorders in preeclampsia.

Conclusion: Our preliminary study reveals the non-existence of socio-clinical factors exposing to coagulation disorders in preeclampsia in our setting.

Published Date: 2021-07-23; Received Date: 2021-05-30