Clinical Pediatrics: Open Access

Clinical Pediatrics: Open Access
Open Access

ISSN: 2572-0775



Epidemiological Associations of Various Substances and Multiple Cannabinoids with Autism in USA

Albert Stuart Reece* and Gary Kenneth Hulse

Introduction: Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is increasing in across USA. Paediatricians and physicians in both Colorado and Australia continue to see high caseloads however this prevalence uptick remains largely unexplained. Since drug use is an obvious potential source of developmental brain damage the present study was undertaken to
study drug-ASD associations at state level.

Methods: Existing datasets from the US Department of Education Individuals with Disabilities Act, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration National Survey of Drug Use and Health, and the Drug Enforcement Agency cannabinoid concentration in seizures were re-analyzed.

Results: ASD rates are high and rising fastest in Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Oregon, Rhode Island and New Jersey but falling in Oklahoma and Iowa. When the nine highest cannabis use states are grouped together ASD is rising significantly faster there than elsewhere (time:status interaction in quadratic mixed effects model p

Published Date: 2019-05-27; Received Date: 2019-04-15