Journal of Molecular Imaging & Dynamics

Journal of Molecular Imaging & Dynamics
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9937



Effect of C-Terminal Truncations on the Aggregation Propensity of Α- Synuclein - A Potential of Mean Force Study

Airy Sanjeev and Venkata Satish Kumar Mattaparthi

?-Synuclein is an intrinsically disordered protein which has a prominent role in Parkinson?s disease (PD). Several familial variants of a-synuclein have been reported to associate with inherited PD. Several studies have highlighted the presence and association of the C-terminus of truncated forms of a-synuclein with Wild type ?-synuclein (WT ?- syn) at much higher level in patients with Lewy body diseases and they are found to decrease the reductive capabilities and potentially results in permanent oxidation of a-synuclein. To understand the impact of C-terminal truncations on the aggregation propensity of WT ?-syn, the inter-molecular interactions between them are critical. Here we demonstrate the interactions between the WT ?-syn and its three C-terminal truncations 95 (?-syn 95), 120 (?-syn 120) and 123 (?-syn 123), using Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Potential of Mean Force study (PMF). From the PMF study, we observed C-terminal truncation 120 (?-syn 120) to bind strongly to WT a-syn than the other truncated forms of a-synuclein. We also noticed number of hydrogen bonds to be larger, high geometrical shape complementarity score, larger number of interface residues and interface area for the hetero-dimer (WT ?-syn-?-syn 120) than other hetero-dimers (WT ?-syn - ?-syn 95/123). We therefore can infer that among ?-syn 95, ?-syn 120 and ?-syn 123, ?-syn 120 to show more association with WT ?-syn. This is because in ?-syn 120, more amino acids have been removed in comparison to ?-syn 123. In contrast, ?-Syn 95 shows less interaction with WT ?-syn because of the absence of the entire C-terminal region. Our findings suggest that more the truncation on the Cterminal region of ?-synuclein more will the effect on its aggregation.