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Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9554

+44 1478 350008

Abstract

Double Layer Continuous Intradermal Sutures in Keloid Operation

Youbin Wang and Xiao Long

Objective: Keloid offten occurs on chest wall, shoulder and back. Surgical incision and postoperative radiation is an effective method in keloid treatment. Many of the wound in these places can be directly closed after keloids being removed. Recurrence prevention and cosmetic result should all be considered. Operation method especially suture method is one of the key issues which determine the treatment result. Many methods have been developed. However, many of them are designated to prevent recurrence. Cosmetic result is not fully considered. In this article, we reported a new suture method which is with good treatment and cosmetic results in our clinical study.

Methods: One hundred and thirty-three patients with chest keloids were treated from 2006 to 2011. Double layer continuous intradermal suture was used in fifty four patients, interrupted epidermal suture was used in forty one patients, and one layer continuous intradermal suture was used in thirty eight patients. All operation sites were treated with radiotherapy on the first and seventh postoperative day. The follow-up time was from 9 to 26 months. The recurrence rate and cosmetic satisfactory rate was recorded. Data was analyzed with SPSS17.0 software. Recurrence and satisfactory rate were compared with Chi-square test between double layer and interrupted suture, double layer and one layer suture.

Results: There were no difference in recurrence rate between double layer and interrupted suture (X2=2.46, P>0.05) or double layer and one layer suture (X2=0.16, P>0.05). Satisfactory cosmetic rates were 72.22%, 29.27% and 39.47% in double layer continuous intradermal suture group, interrupted suture group and one layer continuous intradermal suture group. Difference in satisfactory cosmetic rates is obvious between double layer and interrupted suture (X2=9.30, P<0.01) or double layer and one layer suture (X2=9.05, P<0.01).

Conclusion: Double layer continuous intradermal suture can reach good treatment results and more satisfactory cosmetic results in keloid operation.

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