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Karima Mohtadi, Rajaa Msaad, Rajaa Essadik, Halima Lebrazi, Anass Kettani, Hassan Taki and Rachid Saile
Background: Cardiovascular diseases have been the leading cause for mortality in the last decades. Controlling the modifiable cardiovascular risk factors may reduce mortality due to them. In this context, we tried to identify some of these cardiovascular risk factors in representative population of Casablanca.
Methods: Our study concerned 609 subjects (363 women and 246 men) that were aged from 18 to 65 years old. The analyses were based on data from a lifestyle questionnaire with sociodemographic characteristics, medical history and lifestyle factors such as physical activity and smoking. We also assessed Anthropometric measurements and biochemical. Then, our population was subdivided into 3 groups according to their Body Mass Index: Obese, overweight and a normal group.
Results: The analysis showed that the mean-age was 54.47 ± 10.89 years old and 59.86% were female. The prevalence of diabetes and hypertension were respectively 38.1% and 35.8% with a dominance of women. The highest atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) was observed in overweight and obese groups with 31.1%, 28.2% respectively. The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 7.1 %. We notice that 35.20%, 13.98% and 1.81% have respectively 3 ,4 and 5 Cardiovascular disease risk factors whereas 5.26% have none, we observed too that women have more (59.7% vs. 40.3%).
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the general population of Casablanca, which is due to unhealthy habits like sedentary life style, Diabetes and/or Hypertension.