Anthropology

Anthropology
Open Access

ISSN: 2332-0915

+44-1993-227344

Abstract

Craniometry and Malocclusion in Mentally Disabled Subjects in India

Deepika Shukla, Deepika Bablani, Aman Chowdhry, Raveena Thapar and Puneet Gupta

Background: The study aims to determine variations in craniofacial regions in mentally challenged individuals and to determine prevalence of malocclusion in these individuals.

Methods: The malocclusion was identified and craniometric measurements were obtained among patients attending a special education program in Faculty of Dentistry, India.

Results: The prevalence of malocclusion in the study population was 83%. Craniometric analysis revealed that brachycephalic, mesocephalic and hyperbracycephalic head shapes in different groups.

Conclusion: In India, mentally disabled individuals have a higher prevalence of malocclusion than the general population and assessment of cranial characteristics of these persons may be of help to clinicians and researchers

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