ISSN: 0975-8798, 0976-156X
Rohit Reddy S, Gowri sankar Singaraju, Prasad Mandava, Vivek Reddy Ganugapanta
Extrinsic forces applied to the crown of the tooth during physiological, therapeutic or pathological processes cause tooth movement. It is impossible for a tooth to be relocated without the remodeling of the periodontium. Bone remodeling brought about by proper techniques and protocol, will reduce the duration of treatment, resulting in quicker tooth movement, reduce pain and histologic damage and most importantly achievement of stable results. Even though the mechanical advances are used quite carefully during orthodontic tooth movement, traumatic effects on the periodontium have not been totally prevented. This may be because of a lack of complete understanding of the cellular complexities. Proper understanding of cellular and molecular biology and also the specific biochemical pathways will help design mechanics that will produce maximum benefits during tooth movement with minimal tissue damage. This reviews briefly the “Biology of tooth movement” to understand and update the knowledge on the latest research on biological changes occurring at the molecular level. This would in turn help in delivering better mechanics, producing quicker tooth movement with minimum tissue damage and maximum comfort to the patient.
Published Date: 2015-12-31;