Journal of Geology & Geophysics

Journal of Geology & Geophysics
Open Access

ISSN: 2381-8719

+44 7868 792050


Application of Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) for Delineating Sub Surface Lithology for Foundations. (CVG Link Canal A Case Study)

Sandeep Meshram and Sunil P Khadse

In today’s world, field investigation is a necessity to get a detailed overview of any area for civil engineering construction purpose. Precise determination of engineering geological properties is essential to plan for a proper design and successful construction for any civil engineering structure. The traditionally practiced conventional methods for the same are invasive, costly and time consuming. Electrical Resistivity Survey is an attractive tool for delineating subsurface geology without soil disturbance. Reliable correlation between electrical resistivity values and other field geological parameters can help in successful interpretation of the engineering properties and behavior of soil in evaluation of difficult terrains e.g. for obtaining hard rock position, obtaining continuity of rock strata and for knowing the position of various sub – stratifications. This has led to develop and put in practice the geophysical method of subsurface investigation for a more precise, economical and fast assessment of large areas like the present study area of Cauvery-Vaigai link canal project. The present paper presents the results of the use of Vertical Electrical Sounding coupled with Hydrogeological studies of the Cauvery-Vaigai-Gundar (CVG) link canal area. On the basis of generalized Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) log it is seen that the aquifers in tertiary rocks are deep – seated, the depth varying from 80 to 300 m from the ground level. It was observed that the open wells are tapping unconfined aquifer system is highly weathered rock, moderately weathered/ fractured hard rock and highly fractured hard rock. The bore wells are tapping the confined aquifer system 40 m Below Ground Level (BGL) in highly fractured hard rock. The aquifers in the bore wells were reported to be in between 40 to 120 m BGL. Most of the bore wells are dry at present due to depletion of aquifer owing to very little precipitation and over exploitation. From resistivity survey it is inferred that where ever highly fractured hard rock are expected along the link, abundant quantity of ground water may be present there in that fractured zones. The result of resistivity values of different rock types of the area show resistivity of less than 20 ohm-m in the weathered soil, while highly fractured rocks show its range between 100 to 250 ohm-m, moderately fractured rocks shows range between 250 and 500 ohm-m and the massive crystalline rocks exhibit the range of more than 500 ohm-m. The water table shows periodical variations. During the excavation of the canal, the study of water table condition will give an idea about the chances of striking ground water to cut and cross drainage portions as ground water poses a serious hazard during the excavation works.