Pediatric research is a very important field to improve the therapy of children, not only to accept old strategies. Pediatric research is based on different subgroups, molecular-based research up to clinical research, which became also very important in the last years. Other fields of interest became more prominent like complementary therapies in childhood. Good medical care in children includes not only concentrating on school medicine but include additional innovative complementary therapies like homeopathic or anthroposophical therapies. All these therapies should bare in mind in modern pediatric treatment.