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International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-9096

Abstract

A Study of the Reliability of a New Dynamic Trunk Balance Measuring Device

Norimitsu Masutani, Takehiro Iwami, Toshiki Matsunaga, Kimio Saito, Hiroyuki Tsuchie, Yasuhiro Takahashi and Yoichi Shimada

Objective: A new method of evaluating sitting balance that improved on a previous device was developed. However, the reliability of body trunk balance measured by this device is unknown. The purpose of this study was to verify its reliability within and between examiners.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving healthy adult males (age 20 to 45 years) who were able to walk. The seating surface could be vibrated at a constant cycle (0.2 Hz, 0.4 Hz, 0.6 Hz), the pressure of the seating surface under vibration was detected by three small force sensors installed under the seating surface, and the center of pressure (COP) could be calculated. Measurements were performed by two examiners, and each participant was measured three times in a sitting position. The platform was tilted to the left and right at a front face inclination angle ± 7°, with two cycles in 10 s (0.2 Hz), while the participant’s gaze was fixed to a mark 2 m in front of the participant at eye height, and the participant was asked to maintain the position of the head constant. Measurement was then performed for 30 s. The fluctuation of the center of gravity on the seat surface over time was measured, and the total trajectory length of the COP was used as the evaluation item. To examine the reliability of the measuring instrument, ICC (1.3) was obtained as the intra-class correlation coefficient for intra-examiner reliability, and ICC (2.1) was obtained for inter-examiner reliability.
Results: The ICC for intra-examiner reliability was 0.815, and that for inter-examiner reliability was 0.789. No adverse events occurred during balance evaluation.
Conclusion: This device could be used to evaluate dynamic trunk balance with relatively high reliability. Thus, the present device appears to be useful for quantitatively evaluating dynamic trunk balance conveniently and safely.

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