Bipolar Disorder: Open Access

Bipolar Disorder: Open Access
Open Access

ISSN: 2472-1077

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Abstract

A Study of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living of Patients having Bipolar Affective Disorder and Its Relationship with their Subjective Well Being and Self Efficacy

Laxmi Kumari and Sandhya Gupta

Background: The people suffering from bipolar disorders experience a poor quality of life as compared to the general public, it includes difficulties in the areas of work, interpersonal relationship and activities of daily living. During the course of illness the social and family dysfunction affect the persons having bipolar disorder their physical, emotional, social and functional well-being impacted.
Aim:
To examine the instrumental activities of daily living of patient suffering from bipolar affective disorder and its relationship with their subjective wellbeing and self-efficacy. Methods: A cross-section survey was done on thirty patients having bipolar affective disorder using three scales to measure instrumental activities of daily living, subjective well-being and self-efficacy with Lawton instrumental activities of daily living.
Results: The mean age of patients was 38 ± 12 years, with almost equal numbers from both the gender. Most of the patients studied up to graduation (60%), most of them were unemployed. Most of the subjects were in depressive phase (53%), while in mania (27%) and in mixed phase 20%. The activities of daily living and selfefficacy of patients was found to be significantly correlated. The subjective well-being of patients and self-efficacy were also positively correlated. On the other hand there is a weak positive correlation found between subjective wellbeing of patients was and activities of daily living.
Conclusion: The subjective well-being and self-efficacy of patients with bipolar disorder must be assessed independently and not to be confused with activities of daily living and the interventions need to be planned for improving functioning of patients.

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