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A Comparison of EMG Signals from Surface and Fine-Wire Electrodes During Shoulder Abduction | Abstract
International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-9096

Abstract

A Comparison of EMG Signals from Surface and Fine-Wire Electrodes During Shoulder Abduction

Bala S Rajaratnam, James CH Goh and V Prem Kumar

Electromyography quantifies the action of muscles and the data provides an understanding of how coordination occurs during an action. This concurrent comparison research study evaluated electromyography signals from surface and fine-wire electrodes placed simultaneously on selected shoulder muscles. A stand-alone data logger collected electromyography signals from both types of electrodes placed on and within the teres major, supraspinatus, infraspinatus and posterior deltoid muscles as 30 healthy adult subjects performed overhead shoulder abduction. There were poor correlation in the timing of onset and peak magnitudes between fine-wire and surface electrodes reading of teres major, infraspinatus and supraspinatus (onset r=-0.01-0.07; p>0.05, peak r=0.05-0.10; p>0.05). Readings from surface electrodes placed on the posterior deltoid was strongly correlated with its fine-wire temporal values (onset r=0.94, peak r=0.90; p<0.00). Fine-wire electrodes are able to record time sensitive information of how the rotator cuff muscles controls glenohumeral motion during overhead shoulder abduction. The findings are important when deciding to use electromyography to study muscle co-ordination at the shoulder for orthopaedic and neurological rehabilitation.