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To create a new route for blood and oxygen to reach our heart, bypass surgery is a surgery that is done to the problems caused by coronary artery disease and leads the blood to flow through the heart muscle despite blocked arteries.
It is actually a surgery of heart blood vessel taken from your leg, arm, chest and abdomen. This surgery creates a new path for the flow of blood to the body. The surgeon in this therapy takes a healthy piece of vein from a particular part of the body and attaches to the coronary artery just above and below the blocked area of heart. This allows blood to bypass the blockage.
As an initial step, the surgeon first insert a heart-lung machine in the patient's body which allows the circulation of oxygenated blood through your body during surgery. When the surgery is done, the surgeons will remove the machine and the proper functioning of heart is checked.
Journals related to Bypass Surgery
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology, Angiology: Open Access, Arrhythmia: Open Access, Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis, Circulation, Postgraduate Medical Journal, Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The New England Journal of Medicine.