COPD | Peer Reviewed Journals
Acute and Chronic Disease Reports

Acute and Chronic Disease Reports
Open Access


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common lung disease. Having COPD makes it hard to breathe.

There are two main forms of COPD:

Chronic bronchitis, which involves a long-term cough with mucus Emphysema, which involves damage to the lungs over time

Most people with COPD have a combination of both conditions.

Other risk factors for COPD are:

Exposure to certain gases or fumes in the workplace Exposure to heavy amounts of secondhand smoke and pollution Frequent use of a cooking fire without proper ventilation

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