Review Article - (2017) Volume 8, Issue 3
Present review article explains various causes of acute liver diseases and their therapeutics. This article describes major reasons of hepatic pathophysiological conditions and diseases including hepatitis, cholestasis, alcoholic and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, jaundice, liver cirrhosis, carcinogenesis and many others. This article emphasizes use of proliferating hepatocytes, hepatic oval cells, adult human liver mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and hematopoietic stem cells in cell transplantation for restoration of liver structure and function. It also justified the therapeutic role of cell secreted growth factors and dietary factors required during natural healing and regeneration liver after surgery or liver transplantation. It sketches out regulatory roles of signaling pathways, expression of cell cycle regulators, growth factors, cytokines, and role of different mitogens in induction of liver stem/progenitor cells (LSPCs) after organ/stem cell transplantation. This article suggests a need for development of new advanced biomaterials, methods, technologies and stem cells for development of targeted therapies to combat and cure liver related diseases and disorders. This article also advice people for avoiding excessive use of alcohol, drugs, fats, salt, high energy diets, and iron as all are responsible of liver cirrhosis, damage and failure.
Keywords: Irreversible liver injury, Cirrhosis, Acute liver damage, Hepatocyte, Growth factors, Mitogens, Stem cells, Liver transplantation, Regenerative medicine