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Stem Cell Technology: An Overview
Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Devices

Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Devices
Open Access

ISSN: 2475-7586

Editorial - (2021)Volume 6, Issue 2

Stem Cell Technology: An Overview

Evanjali Pradhan*
 
*Correspondence: Evanjali Pradhan, Department of Microbiology, Utkal University, India, Email:

Author info »

Editorial

What are the stem cells? Our body is made up of many different types of cell. Most cells are specialised to perform functions. Stem cell is a cell with the unique ability to develop into specialised cell types in the body. Stem cells are the raw materials of the body. They may be used to replace tissues and cells that have been damage or lost due to the disease. They have two unique properties that enable them to do this. Stem cells provide new cells for the body as it grows. stem cells divide to form more cells called daughter cells and these daughter cells either become new stem cells or become specialized cells with a more specific function, such as blood cells, brain cells, heart muscle cells or bone cells. As they divide, they can change into the other types of cell that make up the body.

Types of stem cells

Embryonic stem cells

These stem cells come from embryos that are three to five days old. Embryonic stem cells supply new cells for an embryo. It grows and develops into a baby. These stem cells are said to be pluripotent stem cells means they can be divide into more stem cells or can become any type of cell in the body. And these stem cells to be use to repair and generates organs and diseased tissue.

Adult stem cells

These stem cells are found in little numbers in most grown-up tissues like bone marrow or fat. Compared with embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells have a more limited ability to give rise to various cells of the body. In any case, arising proof proposes that grown-up adult stem cells might have the option to make different kinds of cells. For example, bone marrow immature microorganisms might have the option to make bone or heart muscle cells. Stem cells are supposed to be multipotent, which implies they can just change into certain cells in the body.

Induced pluripotent stem cells

Induced pluripotent stem cells are the cells that scientists make in the laboratory. These stem cells also have the ability to change into specific cells. 'Actuated' implies that they are made in the lab by taking ordinary grown-up cells, similar to skin or platelets, and reconstructing them to become srem cells. they are pluripotent so they can develop into any cell type. Scientists have distinguished undifferentiated organisms in examples of amniotic liquid attracted from pregnant ladies to test for anomalies — a method called amniocentesis.

Uses of stem cells

Stem cells can be used to –

• Research – to assist us with understanding the fundamental science of how living things work and what occurs in various sorts of cell during infection.

• Therapy –to supplant lost or harmed cells that our bodies can't supplant normally.

• Grow new cells in a laboratory to replace damaged organs or tissues.

• Correct parts of organs that don’t work properly.

• Research causes of genetic defects in cells.

• Research how diseases occur or why certain cells develop into cancer cells.

• Test new drugs for safety and effectiveness.

• Test new drugs for safety and effectiveness.

Author Info

Evanjali Pradhan*
 
1Department of Microbiology, Utkal University, India
 

Citation: Pradhan E (2021) Stem Cell Technology: An Overview. J Biomed Eng & Med Dev. 6:148.

Received: 06-Feb-2021 Accepted: 13-Feb-2021 Published: 20-Feb-2021 , DOI: 10.35248/2475-7586.21.6.148

Copyright: Pradhan E. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.